Ines [user:field_middlename] Freier

Ines Freier

independent
consultant
Allemagne

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Senior Consultant for mid-term Reviews,project, programme and policy evaluations, focus on  impact evaluations for innovation and  learning, impact evaluations of sustainability standards. 

    • Dear Lal, 

      the question we can ask is if the theory of change is valid under the existing circumstances. And I feel that the theory of change is not valid regarding the assumptions that projects can keep young people in the country side because some empirical studies show that even in slums incomes are higher than in agriculture and people  have access to basic infrastructure like legal services, education, entertainment and social networks. So the mobile young people which have some resources like a good education leave the country side for upward mobility and a better infrastructure. Remaining young people have very few resources. They are only cheap labour ... and sometimes not even cheap labour anymore if they are undernourished and uneducated. Those people lack resources like education, social networks towards markets and politics to change land tenure structure. In China and Europe, relatively wealthy people from cities and international careers come back to the country side to pursue a life as organic farmers because they want a more relaxed life in the country side and have the resources like money to invest in the company, access to clients buying at higher prices and access to education for their kids founding private schools in the country side. Only in areas where one of those external conditions can be met by project and state policies like in the Indian Himalayas for organic certification and 4 times higher prices on markets, the incentives are high enough for traditional farmers to stay in the countryside. Basic problems like land tenure in India are not changed by projects for green youth employment but only mitigated by creating high value products on tiny pieces of land or additional services like solar energy technicians are promoted by  projects of Welthungerhilfe in India. 

      So for most of the projects I would challenge the theory of change ref. adding real impact at big scale. Small scale impacts can be created see above. 

      Ines
      freelance consultant for evaluation and knowledge management in projects for water and rural development 

       

    • Dear Filippo,

      thank you very much for sharing this easy to use and powerful tool. it can be used in all countries, it even adds value to official statistics in developed countries like Germany where the tool shows that among the poorest sectors of the populations prevails moderate and once a month severe food insecurity. 

      Kind regards 

      Ines