Are agriculture programs supporting women to improve their livelihood?
Women constitute the majority of the agricultural labour force in small-scale and subsistence farming. According to FAO, 43% of the agricultural labour force in developing countries is comprised by women and yet they account for an estimated two-thirds of the world's 600 million poor livestock keepers. (http://www.fao.org/gender/resources/infographics/the-female-face-of-farming/en/).
What are the lessons learnt from agriculture programs with regards to the activities of the women in the agricultural sector? Which recommendations by evaluators have made (or could have made) a positive difference in the farming practices as well as the livelihood of these women and their families? To what extent have the programs empowered the women? Have the programs encouraged and supported women to become entrepreneurs, moving from subsistence to commercial farming? Are the initiatives of agriculture programs more male focused than female focused? Should programs be gender free or gender focused?
I look forward to your responses.